While lower back pain is common in adults, it can also happen in children and teens.
Common causes of the condition
Spondylosis : this is a defect of the joint between vertebral bones. The defect usually comes about as a result of injuries sustained during sporting activities. The defect is common in children and teenagers who tend to hyperextend their backs. For example, the problem is very common with gymnasts.
The injury usually represents a stress fracture and it can take up to 6 weeks to heal.
Disc injuries : These are common in teenagers who engage in sports such as in-line skating, vert biking, and skateboarding. The reason why the injuries are common in people who engage in these sports is because the people tend to land on their feet or buttocks in most of the cases.
When landing the force is transmitted to the vertebrae which often results to vertebrae fraction or even damage to the intervertebral disc.
Spondylolisthesis : this is a condition where one vertebrae slips on another resulting to instability and lower back pain.
Tumors : this is an abnormal growth of tissue in and around the column column. The tumor can be benign or malignant. While benign tumors are those that have not spread to other parts of the body, they can still destroy the vertebral bone or spinal tissue. Some of the most common tumors are: osteoid osteoma, aneurismal bone cyst, and osteoblastoma.
Malignant tumors on the other hand are those that can spread to other parts of the body and they include: leukemia, sarcoma, and lymphoma.
There are a number of ways on how to diagnose the condition in children. The most common ones are:
X-ray : you need to visit your doctor who will take shots of the front, sides, and in between the vertebrae.
Laboratory studies : here blood tests are taken in order to determine if you have harmful bacteria in your body. If you are under the age of 10 years, a complete blood count (CBC) is done. If you are infected, the CBC will show an increased level of white blood cells. There will also be an increase in the levels of reactive protein (C-RP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) .
To determine the exact bacteria affecting you, the technician will do a biopsy.
There are both surgical and non-surgical treatment methods. In surgical treatment you will have to visit your doctor who will perform a surgery and correct the problem. In the non-surgical treatment you will have to engage in exercises that will aid in relieving the pain.