What is Pain?

Pain is a complex feeling that varies from patient to patient, even those who have identical injuries or illnesses. In its primary stage, it gives an indication that something is wrong, because of which we should take medicine or visit a doctor. But when it reaches its worst stage, it makes our life disgusting. Many people suffer from pain through their own life. In the present days, pain has become a global disorder, an expensive public health problem, and a challenge for friends, family and doctors who provide support to the individual suffering from the physical and emotional pain.

History of Pain

In ancient times, people kept recorded the causes of pain and the treatment used on stone tablets. They used pressure, heat, water, and sun for treating pain. Earlier people treated pain as effect of magic, evil and demons. The shamans, practices, sorcerers and priestesses, used herbs, rites, and performed ceremonies for treatment of pain.

The Greeks and Romans were the first to put forward the idea that the brain and nervous system plays an important role in the perception of pain. But it was during the Renaissance period when Leonardo da Vinci and his contemporaries started believing that the brain was the central organ of sensation. In the 19th century, scientists discovered that morphine, opium, codeine, and cocaine can be used as a remedy to treat pain. Aspirin was made from these drugs, which is the most commonly used pain reliever today.

Two categories of Pain: Acute and Chronic pain

The International Association for the Study of Pain defines it as: An unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage. There is a huge difference between these two basic types of pain, sometimes acute and chronic.

Acute pain generally results from infection, disease or any sort of injury to tissues. This type generally happens suddenly. For instance, it occurs just after trauma or any form of surgery. It is also accommodated by emotional distress or anxiety. But the positive sign is that the reason and cause behind acute pain can be diagnosed and easily easily. this type is limited to a given period of time. In exceptional cases, it can become chronic.

Chronic pain is believed to be a disease itself and can get worse due to environmental and psychological factors. Chronic remains over a longer period of time than acute pain and does not respond to medical treatments. There lies the process of pain management. The function of Pain management is to treat chronic pain and enable a person to live life to its fullest. But a person's commitment, dedication and knowledge is also required for management.

Well, the solution is now very easy. In a pain center the treatment is done by focussing on the history of the pain, duration, its intensity and other factors responsible for the pain. Sometimes, the pain does not go easily. For that reason clinics use various skills and techniques for treatment. The techniques include Acupuncture and other alternative therapies, physical therapy or chiropractic therapy, Medication management, Psychological counseling and support, Interventional procedures and Referral to other medical specialists.